Statistiques

Mise à jour du 2014-07-03 (Ministère de la santé, République de Corée)

Etude complète : http://www.racinescoreennes.org/etude/

No. of International Adoptees by CountryDiscrimination ExperiencesPhysical Abuse on International Adoptees From Adoptive Family or Relative

Mise à jour du 2011-11-18 (Ministère de la santé, République de Corée)

« Expert discussion on the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption held »

Yearly adoption status home and abroad

Category

Total

Before 2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011.6

Total

Total

239,493

221,190

3,562

3,231

2,652

2,556

2,439

2,475

1,388

Home

75,190

(31.4%)

66,146

1,461

(41.0%)

1,332

(41.2%)

1,388

(52.3%)

1,306

(51.1%)

1,314

(53.9%)

1,462

(59.1%)

781

(56.3%)

Abroad

164,303

(68.6%)

155,044

2,101

(59.0%)

1,899

(58.8%)

1,264

(47.7%)

1,250

(48.9%)

1,125

(46.1%)

1,013

(40.9%)

607

(43.7%)

Status of disabled children’s adoption

By year

Total

Before 2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011.6

Total

39,540

33,812

757

843

669

712

764

725

540

153

133

252

180

Home

476

197

14

16

20

7

27

12

40

29

36

47

31

(1.2%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(18.7%)

(17.2%)

Abroad

39,064

33,615

743

827

649

705

737

713

500

124

97

205

149

(98.8%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(81.3%)

(82.8%)

Status of intercountry adoption by country

Year

Total

US

Sweden

Canada

Norway

Australia

Luxemburg

Denmark

France

Italy

2007

1,264

1,013

80

68

20

44

3

22

14

2008

1,250

988

76

78

45

18

16

20

8

1

2009

1,125

850

84

67

40

34

17

21

8

4

2010

1,013

775

(76.5%)

74

(7.3%)

60

(5.9%)

43

(4.2%)

18

(1.8%)

12

(1.2%)

21

(2.1%)

6

(0.6%)

4

(0.4%)

2011.6

607

495

(81.5%)

26

(4.3%)

27

(4.4%)

20

(3.3%)

17

(2.8%)

9

(1.5%)

8

(1.3%)

3

(0.5%)

2

(0.3%)

Types of adoptees (causes for adoption)

Year

Domestic adoption

International adoption

Total

Single mom’s child

Child under facility care

Child from broken family, etc

Total

Single mom’s child

Starvation, etc

Child from broken famil

‘07

1,388

1,045

118

225

1,264

1,251

11

2

’08

1,306

1,056

86

164

1,250

1,114

10

126

’09

1,314

1,116

70

128

1,125

1,005

8

112

’10

1,462

1,290

46

126

1,013

876

4

133

(100%)

(88.2%)

(3.1%)

(8.6%)

(100%)

(86.5%)

(0.4%)

(13.1%)

’11.6

781

733

22

26

607

537

8

62

(100%)

(93.9%)

(2.8%)

(3.3%)

(100%)

(88.5%)

(1.3%)

(10.2%)

Source : Ministry of health and welfare

 

Statistiques de Tobias Hubinette

 

Lire : http://www.tobiashubinette.se/korean_adoptions.pdf

http://www.tobiashubinette.se/adoption_history.pdf (english)

http://www.tobiashubinette.se/adoption_history.pdf (français)

Faits majeurs

La Corée du Sud est une République qui compte 49 millions d’habitants dont 22 millions vivent dans la mégapole de Séoul. Le pays est divisé en 9 provinces, 6 villes métropolitaines plus la capitale, Séoul.

La Corée a connu une phase spectaculaire de croissance et d’intégration dans l’économie mondiale ; depuis 2007, son PIB est de 26,52$

La population coréenne est l’une des plus homogènes au monde ethniquement et linguistiquement. L’anglais est enseigné comme 2ème langue dans la plupart des écoles primaires.

La Corée du Sud vient de signer la convention de La Haye du 29 mai 1993 sur la protection des enfants et la coopération en matière d’adoption internationale. La convention n’est pas encore ratifiée.

Nombre d’enfants d’origine coréenne adoptés en France :

  • depuis les années 50 : 11 165
  • 2007 : 14
  • 2008 : 8
  • 2009 : 8
  • 2010 : 6
    Consulter les statistiques 2010 (pdf)
    Adoptions internationales : statistiques et prévisions 2010-2011 (pdf)
  • 2011 : 3 > La Corée du Sud veut limiter le nombre de ses enfants adoptés à l’étranger (source : RFI, 2011.07.28) La Corée du Sud est l’un des cinq premiers pays au monde à avoir recours à l’adoption internationale. Depuis les années 50, quelque 200 000 enfants sud-coréens ont ainsi été adoptés par des parents étrangers. Malgré l’accession de la Corée du Sud au rang des pays développés, ce flux n’a pas cessé. Aujourd’hui, Séoul veut limiter leur nombre. Le gouvernement vient de voter une nouvelle loi sur l’adoption, qui a créé un débat très vif car l’adoption domestique, mal acceptée dans une société qui insiste sur l’importance des liens du sang, ne suffit pas à contrebalancer la réduction des adoptions internationales.
  • 2012 : The revised Special Act on Adoption (which was promulgated on 4 Aug. 2011 and will come into force on 5 Aug. 2012) puts priority on the protection of a child’s biological family and has introduced new systems such as the careful deliberation prior to adoption, the family court permit, the reinforcement of qualification requirements for adoptive parents, the granting of the status of foster child equal to biological child, etc in order to strengthen the nation’s responsibility for supervision and management over the overall adoption procedure.
  • 2013 :

    Minister Chin Young signs the Hague Adoption Convention

     

           The ministry to introduce standards of an international treaty seeking to ensure children’s rights to help them grow up in the countries they were born –

    Minister of Health and Welfare Chin Young signed the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention) in the Netherlands on May 24th.

    The signing ceremony took place in the Prime Minister’s Office in Binnenhof, Netherlands, with Christophe Bernasconi who will become secretary general of the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) this July, along with other high-level officials of the Netherlands including Health, Welfare and Sports Minister Edith Schippers, Josephus Damoiseaux, the Head of the Treaties Division from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and officials from the Prime Minister’s Office.

        * The Netherlands is a depositary for treaties of the HCCH, and thus, its government hosted the ceremony.

    The Hague Adoption Convention is an international treaty defining procedures and qualifications required for intercountry adoption in order to protect the safety and rights of adoptees.

    The convention was signed in 1993, took effect in 1995, and currently has 90 member nations.

       – In particular, the United States, Canada, Australia, and six European countries which engage in intercountry adoption the most with Korea joined the convention.

    – Among major adopting countries, Korea was the only non-member of the convention, and was therefore urged to join the treaty by the international society and the National Assembly.

    The Korean government fundamentally changed its adoption system by revising the Special Adoption Law and the civil law on a large scale last year by introducing the family court approval system and the « cool-off period » system, and by also putting stricter standards and regulations on the qualification standards of adopting parents and the dissolution of previous adoptions.

       – Korea believed that they had built up a solid legal and systematic foundation, and therefore pushed forward their membership into the convention to declare their government’s determination in among the international society.

    Health and Welfare Minister Chin Young said, “The signing of the pact will ensure the rights of our children to be raised in our home country, as well as the safety and rights of intercountry adoptees.”

    He noted that it will be an opportunity to show the government’s determination in and outside Korea to help improve the standards of the rights of children born in Korea to beIn order to complete the ratification and carry out the convention, the minister stated that the government will finish up improving systems such as new additions to the current legislation and installing additional adoption organizations.